Links to website Homepage Get data - N/A Introduction National and regional patterns of social mobility, using marriages registers and Hisco coding scheme for international comparisions. Shortname HSPM IDS compatible No Period 1860 - 1957 Territory Portugal Contact information Organisation CICP - Centro de Investigação em Ciência Política/University of Évora Web Address www.mobilidadesocial.uevora.pt Location Évora, Portugal Postal Address CICP - Centro de Investigação em Ciência Política, Universidade de Évora, Palácio do Vimioso Largo Marquês de Marialva, 87000-809 Évora Portugal Contact Persons Dr. Paulo Eduardo Guimarães firstname.lastname@example.org Citation Fonseca, H.F.; Guimarães, P.E. - HSP-SM. Historical Sample of Portugal on Social Mobility (1860-1960) – Version 2.0. – Évora: University of Évora, 2014. QuestionnaireDownload questionnaireThe questionnaire was submitted on 30 March 2015 by Paulo Guimarães. Scope / Status Original goal To study national and regional patterns of social mobility, using marriages registers and Hisco coding scheme for international comparisions. Current status The database is still under construction. Data collection is completed. Present status: coding geographic names in all marriage registers (realized 60%), complettion is due to 2016 (December). After publishing the detailed description of the database and the methodology used, we will be presenting analysis of mobility tables and other data, and make the database available to the academic community. Sample definition The sample was defined by common time cohorts for different national contexts chosen from different social and economic patterns revelled by previous monographic academic studies. Data about the bridal pair, occupations and geographic location of all participants (including testimonies) in each marriage record (45,723 records). Geographic area under observation Alentejo region: Évora (Urban/rural parishes) and Portalegre (Urban/rural/industrial); Setúbal (Urban/rural parishes), coastal town south of Portugal; Barreiro (industrial ‘village’) near Lisbon; Figueira da Foz (Urban/rural parishes), in the Centre (coast); Lisbon (Urban); Oporto (Urban); North Interior: Viseu (rural/urban); Centre Interior: Covilhã (rural/ urban – industrial textile); Atlantic Islands: Azores - Ribeira Grande (rural, proto-industrial), Ponta Delgada (urban/rural)); Madeira: Funchal (urban/rural). Main sources: Marriage records (parish registers before 1910; civil registers after 1910). Realized parts Data collection is completed. We are coding geographic names in all marriage registers (realized 60%). Keywords civil certificates, church register, history, social science, migration, occupations, Portugal (19th to 20th centuries) Sources Sources From yearEnd yearSourceExplanationPDF 1860 1910 Marriages from church registers After the Republican Revolution of October 1910, the civil registration was introduced in Portugal. PDF 1911 1957 Civil marriage certificates After this date there is no information in the source about the parents’ occupation of the bridegrooms. PDF Collection procedure • When the data was collected and transcribed? - 2009-2014. • Data collection method - Transcription (typing). • How the transcription was done? - Directly from the book registers in district archives and in the archives of Civil Registries Offices; and from scanned sources available at the Portuguese archives portal. • How was the checking of the transcription done? - By proof reading. • When was it done? - After collecting raw data from the sources. • Purpose of the transcription: Mobility research. • Control methods by researcher: The date of the record must be after the date of the marriage; the occupation of the father must be the same that was registered to the godfather if he was the same person. • Data collection staff: 6 researchers (scholars) and 8 research fellows. Observations Units of observation Unit of observation ExplanationNumber Individuals Individual names were not recorded in the database. Some entries do not have information about occupation. 365,784 Married couples Idem. 45,723 Occupations Portuguese occupation titles. 3,430 Are there any related observations that are not included in the database? The names of all participants and the endorsements on marriage records were not recorded such as the date of dead of the wife or husband, for instance, or the date of divorce (after 1911). How do the units of observation enter observation? When and only if they married. How do the units of observation leave observation? After marriage. Dates estimated No Are some entry or exit dates unknown? No Can observations be linked to geographic locations? Yes Are the dates and locations of movements within the observation area recorded? No Are all individuals who lived in the households of sample members recorded? No Linkage • Which sources and units of observation have been linked: None. • How each reconstructed person is traceable to the original sources /transcribed data?- Each database record is coded in order to identify the record source in archives. • How is linkage represented in the database? - There is a single ID for each marriage record. • What reference/coding systems have been linked to the data? - HISCO / Hisclass for occupations and Eurostat geographic coding (Local Administrative Units, LAU). Variables Events TypeDatedExplanation Birth Partly Calculated from the age given during the marriage. Marriage Yes Migration No Occupational mobility No Intergenerational mobility. Variables The sample includes the occupations of the bridal pair, its geographic origin, residence (address). The same data was gathered from the parents and testimonies. The variables recorded in each marriage book vary according to the role of the individual in the marriage and to the legislation. For all participants we have these variables: source, location, date of the marriage, civil status, age, occupation, residence, place of birth. Coding / Reference systems Occupational titles: HISCO and Hisclass. Locations (including geo-referenced systems): The Portuguese code for parishes (freguesias). Civil status, legitimacy. Data representation Microsoft Access (2007) Kinship relations Recording By specific fields in the database. Depth of information One (father/mother-to-son/daughter). Comparability The main variable (occupations) are comparable but missing data in this variable is a problem in the sources prior to 1911. Publications 1. Main publications about the database itselfGuimarães, P.E. (2013). Explorações sobre a mobilidade social em Portugal (1860-1960). Anexo I. Caracterização da AHP-MS V 2.0. Progress report nº 2 of the project: PTDC/HIS-HIS/110827/2009 (01-03-2011 - 31-08-2013) to the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology – FCT, from 01-03-2012 to 31-03-2013. Évora: NICPRI. [Detailed description of the database content and methodology, in Portuguese].2. Main or exemplary publications on research based on the databaseFonseca, H. A., & Guimarâes, P.E. (2009). Portugal e as Sociedades Europeias: Homogamia, fronteiras de classe e revolução sexual (1860-1960). In H.A. Fonseca, & L.L. Fernandes (Eds.), A Europa, Portugal e os Desafios da Globalização: Perspectivas Transdisciplinares (nº temático de PERSPECTIVAS, Revista do NICPRI, 2011).Fonseca, H.A., & Guimarâes, P.E. (2009). The Social Mobility in Portugal (1860-1960): Operative Issues and Trends. Continuity and Change, 24(3), 513-546.Fonseca, H.A., & Guimarâes, P.E (2009). A Mobilidade Social Intergeracional em Portugal, 1957. In J.V. Serrão, M. Pinheiro, M.F. Ferreira (Eds.), Desenvolvimento Económico e Mudança Social. Lisboa: ICS.