Links to website Homepage Get data Introduction Longitudinal demographic database across the last four decades of the nineteenth century for selected urban and rural populations in Scotland, using census and civil registration material. Shortname DVS IDS compatible No Period 1860 - 1901 Territory Scotland Contact information Organisation Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure Web Address http://www.campop.geog.cam.ac.uk Location Cambridge, UK Postal Address The Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, Sir William Hardy Building, Department of Geography, Downing Place, Cambridge CB2 3EN Contact Persons Alice Reid firstname.lastname@example.org Citation Reid, A. et al., Scottish Census Enumerators' Books: Skye, Kilmarnock, Rothiemay and Torthorwald, 1861-1901 [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive [distributor], May 2007. SN: 5596, http://dx.doi.org/10.5255/UKDA-SN-5596-1. QuestionnaireDownload questionnaireThe questionnaire was submitted on 17 March 2015 by Alice Reid. Scope / Status Original goal To create a longitudinal demographic database across the last four decades of the nineteenth century for selected urban and rural populations in Scotland, using census and civil registration material. Current status The database was completed in 2003-2007. Sample definition Taken to be the population (census) and events (civil registration) recorded within the boundaries of the registration districts covering the chosen communities. 100% sample taken within those boundaries. Full count. Geographic area under observation The registration districts covering: the Isle of Skye, Inverness-shire, a crofting community; Rothiemay, Banffshire, a NE agricultural district; Torthorwald, Dumfries-shire, a SW agricultural community; Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, a town of some 30,000 inhabitants in 1901 with a variety of industries. Keywords demography, life course, census, civil certificates, history, social science Sources Sources From yearEnd yearSourceExplanationPDF 1860 1901 Civil birth certificates Not available for distribution. PDF 1860 1901 Civil marriage certificates Not available for distribution. PDF 1860 1901 Civil death certificates Not available for distribution. PDF 1861 1901 Census Every 10 years. PDF Collection procedure • The data was collected and transcribed in 2003-2006. • Data collection method: transcription from microfilms of census; transcription from microfiche of civil registers. • The transcription was done: by individuals employed by the project. • Purpose of the transcription: research. • The checking of the transcription was done in 2003-2006: by proof reading a random selection, increased if necessary. Consistency checks (e.g. relationship and sex). • Control methods by researcher: internal consistency and linkage rules (birth intervals, age bounds etc.) • Data collection staff: 4 people specifically employed to enter data. Observations Units of observation Unit of observation ExplanationNumber Individuals Married couples Families Households Farms Births 56,300 Marriages 11,400 Deaths 36,300 Census observations 221,200 Are there any related observations that are not included in the database? Marriage registers have occupations of fathers and names of both parents of both parties and whether or not they are deceased. Death registers also give parents names and occupatations of deceased’s father and whether or not they are dead. Birth registers give date and place of parents marriage, as well as their names and fathers occupation. How do the units of observation enter observation? Birth is observed, are seen in the census when had not been observed before, or are observed participating in a demographic event, when had not been seen previously in any other source. How do the units of observation leave observation? Die, are not observed in a source, having been observed previously. Dates estimated Yes Are some entry or exit dates unknown? Births and deaths precisely dated, other dates much more imprecise. Can observations be linked to geographic locations? Yes Are the dates and locations of movements within the observation area recorded? No Are all individuals who lived in the households of sample members recorded? Partly Linkage • Which sources and units of observation have been linked? -Births to deaths; births to census; census to census; census to death; census to marriage; marriage to death, it was done manually. • The rules of linking are: variable by type of link. • How is linkage represented in the database? - At the moment records are linked to each other, imposing universal ids is being left until all links have been finalized. At present each individual has a personal ID, which can be followed from one source to the next. • Linkage percentage: varies by type of link. Variables Events TypeDatedExplanation Births Yes Date of parents marriage also given. Marriage Yes Death Yes Migration Partly Variables On individuals: In census: address, forename and surname, age, sex, relationship to head of household, occupation, birthplace, language. In births: date of birth; place of birth; forename and surname; names and occupations of parents (including mother’s maiden name); date and place of parents’ marriage; name and relationship of informant. In deaths: date of death; time of death; forename, surname and occupation of deceased; names and occupations of parents (including mother’s maiden name) and whether or not they are deceased; cause of death and length of last illness; whether medically certified and name of certifying doctor; name and relationship of informant. In marriages: date of marriage; place of marriage; forenames, surnames; occupations and previous marital status of bride and groom; names and occupations of both parents of bride and groom and whether or not they are deceased; denomination of marriage. On households: Derived from census: address; number of people in household; number of rooms in household; numbers of children, servants, boarders and visitors in household. Coding / Reference systems Occupational titles (like HISCO): partly done. Locations (including geo-referenced systems): partly done. Other (religion, civil status etc.): religion known from marriage data, status given in census. Data representation Data manipulated and extracted using Access. Specially designed queries used, but no software designed specially. Kinship relations Recording Parents’ names given on all civil registration docs. Spouse names given on death certificates too. Some information on kin available as the relationship of the informant (person registering the event) is recorded. Some relationships revealed by the census returns (relationship to head of household). Kinship networks can be built up using the data base as grandparents, cousins, aunts/uncles can be identified, if they remain within the study areas. Depth of information For some individuals 3 generations or more exist. Publications 1. Main publications about the database itself Reid, A., Davies, R., & Garrett, E. (2006). Nineteenth century Scottish demography from linked censuses and civil registers: a 'sets of related individuals' approach. History & Computing, 14(1&2), 61-86. doi:10.3366/hac.2002.14.1-2.612. Main or exemplary publications on research based on the database Garrett, E., & Davies, R. (2003). Birth spacing and infant mortality on the Isle of Skye, Scotland, in the 1880s; a comparison with the town of Ipswich, England. Local Population Studies, 71, 53-74.Davies, R., & Garrett, E. (2005). More Irish than the Irish? Nuptiality and fertility patterns on the Isle of Skye, Scotland 1881-1891. In L. Kennedy, & R. J. Morris (Eds.), Ireland and Scotland: Order and disorder, 1600-2000. Edinburgh.Blaikie, A, Garrett, E., & Davies, R. (2005). Migration, living strategies and illegitimate childbearing; a comparison of two Scottish settings: 1871-1881. In A. Levene, T. Nutt, & S. Williams (Eds.), Illegitimacy in Britain, 1700-1920 (pp. 141-167). Palgrave Macmillan.Garrett, E. (2006). Urban-rural differences in infant mortality: a view from the death registers of Skye and Kilmarnock. In E. Garrett, C. Galley, N. Shelton, & R. Woods, Infant mortality: a continuing social problem? (pp. 119-148). Ashgate. Reid, A., Davies, R., Blaikie, A., & Garrett, E. (2006). Vulnerability among illegitimate children in nineteenth century Scotland. Annales de Demographie Historique, 111(1), 89-113.