Links to website Homepage Get data Introduction Individual and familial wealth accumulation in France (1800-1960). Shortname TRA IDS compatible No Period 1800 - 1960 Territory France Category Semi Longitudinal Contact information Web Address http://tra.web.ined.fr Location Paris, France Postal Address PSE 48, boulevard Jourdan 75014, Paris, France Contact Persons Jérôme Bourdieu Jerome.email@example.com Lionel Kesztenbaum firstname.lastname@example.org Citation The TRA Project QuestionnaireDownload questionnaireThe questionnaire was submitted on 20 March 2015 by Jérôme Bourdieu and Lionel Kesztenbaum. Scope / Status Original goal Individual and familial wealth accumulation in France (1800-1960). Main sources: Civil certificates, fiscal records. Current status Still under construction, forever growing database. Future plans: to add any individual nominative source with French people or people related to France whose surname begins by the letters “TRA”. Sample definition The sample covers France as a whole (for some part of the data it is only a large subsample of départements). The sample is selected on the basis of last names first letters T, R, A in order to built a representative sample of Frenchmen dying from 1800 to 1940. Geographic area under observation The sample covers France as a whole (for some part of the data it is only a large subsample of départements). Keywords demography, civil certificates, history, occupations, wealth, inheritance, family reconstitution Sources Sources From yearEnd yearSourceExplanationPDF 1800 1980 Civil marriage certificates 1850 1900 Military registers 1800 1960 Wealth at death records Collection procedure • The data was collected and transcribed in 1980 – till present. • Data collection method: transcription, photo. • The transcription was done: by individuals. • Purpose of the transcription: research. • Control methods by researcher: internal consistency. • Data collection staff: 3 full time researchers, ½ time not permanent assistants. Observations Units of observation Unit of observation ExplanationNumber Individuals We had to assemble information on individuals that came from various locations. Married couples We have collected some information on spouse. Families We have partially reconstructed family links. Are there any related observations that are not included in the database? It’s the case for marriage registers and for inheritors in the wealth registers. How do the units of observation enter observation? We observe individual at death. Can observations be linked to geographic locations? Yes Are the dates and locations of movements within the observation area recorded? No Are all individuals who lived in the households of sample members recorded? No Linkage • Which sources and units of observation have been linked: Marriage and fiscal sources, both programme and manual. • Linkage percentage:50%. • Quality of linkage (own evaluation):80%. Variables Events TypeDatedExplanation Birth Yes Marriage Yes Death Yes Migration No Variables Data of birth and death, age, gender, marital status, occupation, migration, wealth. Coding / Reference systems Occupational titles (like HISCO). Locations (including geo-referenced systems). Data representation Access, STATA Kinship relations Recording We have the name of inheritors. We have made partial family reconstitution. Depth of information From two to seven generations. Publications 1. Main publications about the database itselfBourdieu, J. Kesztenbaum, L., & Postel-Vinay, G. (2014). L'enquête TRA, histoire d'un outil, outil pour l'histoire: Tome 1 (1793-1902), INED. Classiques de l'économie et de la population. 215 pp.Bourdieu, J, Kesztenbaum, L., & Postel-Vinay, G. (2014). The TRA Project, a Historical Matrix. Population, 69(2).2. Main or exemplary publications on research based on the databaseBourdieu, J., Kesztenbaum, L., & Postel-Vinay, G. (2011). How pensions saved thrift. France at the turn of the 20th Century. The Journal of Economic History, 71(2), 386-415.Bourdieu, J., Ferrie, J.P., & Kesztenbaum, K. (2009). Vive la différence? Intergenerational Mobility in France and the United States during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, XXXIX(4), 523–557.Bourdieu, J., Postel-Vinay, G., & Suwa-Eisenmann, A. (2008). Aging women and family wealth. Social Science History, 32(2), 143-174.Rosental, P.-A. (1999). Les sentiers invisibles. Espace, familles et migrations dans la France du XIXe siècle. Paris: Eds. de l’E.H.E.S.S.Dupâquier J., & Kessler, D. (1992). La société française au XIXe siècle, Tradition, transition, transformation. Paris: Fayard.